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ICT-ENSURE Information System on Literature in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Literature in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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An Internet – and Knowledge-based Alert-system for Groundwater Disaster Management

Authors
Rüppel, Uwe (Institute for Numerical Methods and Informatics in Civil Engineering, Technische Universität Darmstadt)
Search for Uwe Rüppel in Research Programmes Information System
Gutzke, Thomas (Institute for Numerical Methods and Informatics in Civil Engineering, Technische Universität Darmstadt)
Search for Thomas Gutzke in Research Programmes Information System
Chapter Environmental information systems engineering
Volume Informatics for Environmental Protection - Networking Environmental Information (Part 1)
Conference Informatics for Environmental Protection - Networking Environmental Information
Brno, 2005
Year 2005
Abstract of the Article
To guarantee a continuous supply of drinking water, the resource “groundwater” is the most common in Germany (about 70%). According to this fact, the demands on water with unobjectionable quality properties are very high. The groundwater body is in particular at risk, if a dangerous situation occurred (e.g. defined pollution in the soil, exceeding of a critical value, technical interferences, danger of flooding). Therefore the correct measures have to be taken immediately to avoid environmental hazards. For those cases, emergency plans have been developed by the governmental authorities, the supply companies and the civil protectors separately. Components of these plans contain the emergency cases itself, the knowledge base, the involved participants and the required measures. A model-based and integrated software support for cases of emergency does not exist at present to notify all involved participants and to provide the essential knowledge about the basic-information and possible measures automatically.
This paper describes the rule-based notification extension of the pilot project “Grundwasser-Online” to react on critical situations concerning large-scaled groundwater bodies immediately and with the adequate measures. Therefore a rule-based expert-system with automatic notification-mechanisms and an integrated workflow-system have been implemented. In addition to the defined rules, the emergency-cases with all related participants and the required material for a special decision-support can be described. Also the suggestions for the adequate measures and the kind of real-time notification (system, SMS, eMail) can be defined.
Pages 196 - 201
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