Institute for Automation and Applied Informatics

System integration for printed materials and systems


Functional printing can be used to fabricate complex, miniaturized systems on flexible polymer substrates. Multi-layered structures allow for diverse applications such as Internet of Things (IoT) or Industry 4.0.

One essential prerequisite that makes these applications possible are integration technologies. These are classified into intra-layer and inter-layer integration processes.

The IAI develops intra-layer integration processes for the printing of conductive tracks (Figure 1) as well as the mounting and contacting of discrete components on polymer substrates. In cooperation with partners within KIT institutes and external partners, different circuits (Figure 2) are being realized whereby both passive components, such as resistors and capacitors (IAM), and active elements, such as transistors (INT), are gradually replaced by printed components. For this Task the IAI is currently examining different printing and mounting methods with regard to suitability as an integration method.


 Injecting piezo printing head  Test circuit with conductive tracks
Figure 1: Piezo ink jet print head for the printing of conductive tracks

Figure 2: Test circuit with conductive tracks printed on a polymer foil and mounted discrete components

In terms of inter-layer integration, the IAI is examining different techniques for the precise alignment and joining of printed and stacked foil layers. This entails developing image processing, handling, dispensing, and laser-welding processes (in cooperation with IAM).


 Plant for inter-layer integration of foils
Figure 3: Equipment for inter-layer integration of foils by aligned orientation via image processing and laser-welding (in cooperation with IAM)